Biuras Latvijoje

Kr.Valdemāra 33-8b, LV-1010, Ryga

Tel. + 371 67217421

El.paštas: latvia@baltcham.ch


Biuras Lietuvoje

Lvovo 25, LT-09320, Vilnius

Tel. +3705 203 29 60

El.paštas: lithuania@baltcham.ch

Swisscham

SEC

Latvija

Geography

Area

64.589 km2

Population

About 2,341 millions, Latvians 58%, Russians 30%, Belarusians 4%, less Ukrainians and Poles

Borders

Estonia 343 km, Russia 282 km, Belarus 167 km, Lithuania 576 km

Capital

Riga

Degree of Urbanisation

60%

Language

Estonian (official), Russian, Ukrainian, Finnish, other

Time zone

Central European Time + 1 hour

Structure

26 counties (singular - rajons) and 7 municipalities

Religion

Evangelical Lutheran 55%, Catholics 24%, Russian-Orthodox 9%, Catholics 24%

Nature

Low plain, most of the country is composed of fertile, low-lying plains, with some hills in the east

Climate

Transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers.

Politics

State

Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika)

Form of government

Parliamentary democracy

National day

Independence Day, 18 November (1918)

Head of the State

Vaira VIKE-FREIBERGA (since 8 July 1999)

Prime Minister

Prime Minister Aigars KALVITIS (since 2 December 2004)

Parliament

Unicameral Parliament or Saeima (100 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Economy

Currency

1 Lats (Ls)= 100 Santims

GDP (04)

13,7 billion USD

GDP per capita (04)

11,500 USD

GDP growth (04)

7,6%

Inflation (05)

6%

External trade (03)

Exports: 3.569 billion USD; wood and wood products, machinery and equipment, metals, textiles, foodstuffs

Imports: 5.97 billion USD; machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, vehicles

Unemployment rate (04)

8.8%

Major industries

Buses, vans, street and railroad cars, synthetic fibers, agricultural machinery, fertilizers, washing machines, radios, electronics, pharmaceuticals, processed foods, textiles; note - dependent on imports for energy and raw materials

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